4.1.15

Aigai - Monuments

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The palace of Vergina

The palace of Vergina has been preserved and reconstructed since 2010. Despite the fact that the reconstruction works concern the ground level of the palace, architectural parts of the first floor of the palace were found.

Grave of Philipp II
The funeral of Philip II in 336 BC was performed, as imposed by tradition, in Aigai. It was the most lavish funeral ceremony of the historic times held in Greece. In a monumental death chamber, laid on an elaborate gold and ivory deathbed wearing his precious golden oak wreath, the king was surrendered, like a new Hercules, to the funeral pyre. Alexander is now the king of Macedon. A “high priest” and a mystis (the initiated one), a hunter and a “symposiast”, an army leader and a legislator, Philip, the hero, descends to his eternal residence, which is reached by a ramp and has the form of an underground barrel-vaulted building with two chambers and a monumental façade. The concept of the “Macedonian tomb”, similar to the platonic concept of the leaders’ burial in an ideal state, interweaves a palace and a temple. The portraits of the two kings, father and son, are depicted in the hunting scene of the tomb’s façade, as well as on the gold and ivory deathbed in the chamber.
In the tomb’s antechamber, Philip’s wife, Meda, is buried with him.

Tomf of "Persephone"
This plundered cist tomb,built of limestone and situated at the edge of the Great Tumulus next to the 'heroon', was named Tomb of Persephone because of its painted ornamentation. Prominent among figures of the Fates and of Demeter seated on the "mirthless rock" is a depiction of the abduction of Persephone by the god of the underworld, Pluto.
The artistry of execution, strength of conception and restraint of colouring all denote an artist of great talent (perhaps Nikomachos) of the mid-4th century BC; this dating is supported by the sherds of pottery found in the interior of the tomb.

Macedonian tomb of the "free columns"

Royal tomb of Alexander IV of Macedon

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