8.2.15

Trogir , Croatia

 Kairos

Trogir (Ancient Greek: Τραγύριον, Tragyrion or Τραγούριον) is a historic town and harbour on the Adriatic coast in Split-Dalmatia County, Croatia. The historic city of Trogir is situated on a small island between the Croatian mainland and the island of Čiovo. It lies 27 kilometres (17 miles) west of the city of Split.

Since 1997, the historic centre of Trogir has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites

Hrvatski - Croatian
Trogir (grčki: Tragurion, latinski: Tragurium, talijanski: Traù) je grad u Hrvatskoj koji administrativno pripada Splitsko-dalmatinskoj županiji.

Grad Trogir osnovali su grčki kolonisti s otoka Visa u III. st. pr. Krista. U srednjoj Europi smatran je najbolje sačuvanim rom

Arheološka istraživanja pokazuju da je čovjek na trogirskom otoku boravio već u dalekoj prapovijesti.

Trogir (Tragurium) kao naselje su tijekom III. st. pr. Kr. utemeljili grčki kolonisti, trgovci s Isse (Visa). Rimski Oppidum isticao se kvalitetnim mramorom. U to doba, život se nije odvijao samo u gradu nego i u polju, u rustikalnim vilama. Nedaleko od grada, oko brda Bijaći u naselju Siculi, u prvoj polovici I. st. car Klaudije naselio je svoje islužene veterane.

U Trogiru je 1271. otvorena prva ljekarna u Europi. Nalazila se u sklopu kuća u blizini katedrale i gradske lože. Izvorni dokument koji to potvrđuje je u privatnoj zbirci, a kopija u trogirskom muzeju.

Stari dio grada Trogira uvršten je na UNESCOv popis Spomenika svjetske kulturne baštine.


History
The ancient town of Tragurion ("island of goats") was founded as a trading settlement by Greek colonists from the island of Vis (Zssa) in the 3rd century BC on an islet at the western end of the bay of Manios, in a strait between the mainland and one of the Adriatic islands, where there was already a small settlement. The Hellenistic town was enclosed by megalithic walls and its streets were laid out on a "Hippodamian" grid plan: the line of the ancient cardo maximus is that of the modem main street.
The town flourished in the Roman period as an oppidum civium romanowm, linked with the neighbouring cities of Salona, capital of the Roman province of Dahnatia, and Siculi. a colony for Roman military veterans. During the Late Roman period it was extended and refortified. Extensive Roman cemeteries have been discovered, outside the town, as was customary, and a basilica was erected in one of these in Late Roman times. Although it was not made a bishopric in the early Christian period, Trogir was endowed with two large aisled basilicas, sited where the latter-day Cathedral and Benedictine Church of St John the Baptist now stand.

In the second half of the 9th century Trogir became part of the Byzantine theme of Dalmatia, with its capital at Zadar, and it was occupied by Venice at the end of the 10th century. Early medieval Trogir expanded to the south and new fortifications were constructed. At the beginning of the 12th century Trogir accepted Hungarian rule when the theme of Dalmatia was overrun. There was a short period of Venetian rule in the early 14th century, but it was not until 1420 that the town became part of the Venetian empire. Between the 13th and 15th centuries much new building took place, this period seeing the construction of the Cathedral and the Camerlengo fortress, a radical remodelling of the main square, and two campaigns of reconstruction and strengthening of the fortifications.

Description
Trogir is an excellent example of a medieval town built on and conforming with the layout of a Hellenistic and Roman city that has conserved its urban fabric to an exceptional degree and with the minimum of modern interventions, in which the trajectory of social and cultural development is clearly visible in every aspect of the townscape.

Trogir is a remarkable example of urban continuity. The orthogonal street plan of this island settlement dates back to the Hellenistic period and it was embellished by successive rulers with many fine public and domestic buildings and fortifications. Its beautiful Romanesque churches are complemented by the outstanding Renaissance and Baroque buildings from the Venetian period.

The ancient town of Tragurion (island of goats) was founded as a trading settlement by Greek colonists from the island of Vis in the 3rd century BC on an islet at the western end of the bay of Manios, in a strait between the mainland and one of the Adriatic islands, where there was already a small settlement. 

The Hellenistic town was enclosed by megalithic walls and its streets were laid out on a Hippodamian grid plan: the line of the ancient cardo maximus is that of the modern main street.
Trogir has 2300 years of continuous urban tradition. Its culture was created under the influence of the ancient Greeks, and then the Romans, and Venetians. Trogir has a high concentration of palaces, churches, and towers, as well as a fortress on a small island, and in 1997 was inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List. "The orthogonal street plan of this island settlement dates back to the Hellenistic period and it was embellished by successive rulers with many fine public and domestic buildings and fortifications. Its beautiful Romanesque churches are complemented by the outstanding Renaissance and Baroque buildings from the Venetian period", says the UNESCO report. 


Site Monuments 
KAIROS STORY

Outstanding Greek bas-relief from the beginning of the 3rd century B.C. – The figure of the naked young man personifies KAIROS – according to ancient Greek’s comprehension the God of the “fleeting moment”, a favorable opportunity opposing the fate of man. This favorable moment must be grasped (i. e. the winged, permanent running Kairos by his tuft of hair), otherwise the moment flies away without return and cannot be caught any more …The bronze Kairos statue known in literature and made by the famous Greek sculptor Lysippos from Sikyon, was probably the model for the relief from Trogir.

Trogir is the best-preserved Romanesque-Gothic complex not only in the Adriatic, but in all of Central Europe. Trogir's medieval core, surrounded by walls, comprises a preserved castle and tower and a series of dwellings and palaces from the Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque periods. Trogir's grandest building is the church of St. Lawrence, whose main west portal is a masterpiece by Radovan, and the most significant work of the Romanesque-Gothic style in Croatia.

The most important sites include:

    Historical city core, with about 10 churches and numerous buildings from 13th century
    The city gate (17th century) and city walls (15th century)
    The Fortress Kamerlengo (15th century)
    The Duke's Palace (13th century)
    The Cathedral (13th century) with the Portal of Master Radovan, the unique work of this Croatian artist
    The big and small palaces Cipiko from the 15th century
    The city loggia from 15th century


Sources / Bibliography / Photos
Polybii Historiarum reliquiae: Graece et Latine cum indicibus, vol. 2, IV, XVIII
Croatian Census 2001 (Popis stanovništva 2001)
Frommer's Croatia by Karen Torme Olson & Sanja Bazulic Olson
UNESCO World Heritage Site: Trogir
Footprint Croatia by Jane Foster
http://www.wikipedia.org/
Texts and Transmission "Petronius"
C.Michael Hogan, "Diocletian's Palace", The Megalithic Portal, A. Burnham ed, Oct 6, 2007
Climate Summary for Trogir
http://whc.unesco.org
"Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013. Retrieved on July 13, 2013.
"МЕЖДУНАРОДНО СЪТРУДНИЧЕСТВО НА ОБЩИНА РУСЕ - Побратимени градове". Община Русе [Municipality Ruse] (in Bulgarian). Archived from the original on 2013-08-05. Retrieved 2013-08-12.
"Újbuda története" [Újbuda - New in History, Twin Towns]. Rafia.hu (in Hungarian). Archived from the original on 2013-05-21. Retrieved 2013-08-11.
http://www.partnerschaft-vaterstetten-trogir.de/


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