13.5.16

Historiography


The historical period of ancient Greece is unique in world history as the first period attested directly in proper historiography, while earlier ancient history or proto-history is known by much more circumstantial evidence, such as annals or king lists, and pragmatic epigraphy.

Herodotus is widely known as the "father of history": his Histories are eponymous of the entire field. Written between the 450s and 420s BC, Herodotus' work reaches about a century into the past, discussing 6th century historical figures such as Darius I of Persia, Cambyses II and Psamtik III, and alluding to some 8th century ones such as Candaules.

Herodotus was succeeded by authors such as Thucydides, Xenophon, Demosthenes, Plato and Aristotle. Most of these authors were either Athenians or pro-Athenians, which is why far more is known about the history and politics of Athens than those of many other cities. Their scope is further limited by a focus on political, military and diplomatic history, ignoring economic and social history

List of Greek historiographers

Early Greek historians: "logographers"

Acusilaus
Amelesagoras
Cadmus of Miletus
Hecataeus of Miletus
Hellanicus of Lesbos
Pherecydes of Leros
Stesimbrotos of Thasos
Xanthus (historian)
Classical Greece

Antiochus of Syracuse
Callisthenes
Cratippus of Athens
Ctesias
Dinon
Duris of Samos
Ephorus
Eudemus of Rhodes
Hellanicus of Lesbos
Heracleides of Cyme
Herodotus
Philistus
Theopompus
Thucydides
Xenophon
Hellenica Oxyrhynchia
Hellenistic Greece

Abydenus
Aesopus (historian)
Agatharchides
Agathocles (writers)
Alexander Polyhistor
Anticlides
Antipater
Antisthenes of Rhodes
Artapanus of Alexandria
Berossus
Callixenus of Rhodes
Cleitarchus
Craterus (historian)
Ctesicles
Demetrius the Chronographer
Diyllus
Duris of Samos
Euphantus
Eupolemus
Hecataeus of Abdera
Hegesander (historian)
Hegesias of Magnesia
Hippobotus
Jason of Cyrene
Leon of Pella
Manetho
Marsyas of Pella
Marsyas of Philippi
Menander of Ephesus
Neanthes of Cyzicus
Nicander
Paeon of Amathus
Palaephatus
Philinus of Agrigentum
Philochorus
Philostephanus
Phylarchus
Polybius
Posidonius
Satyrus the Peripatetic
Sosicrates
Theopompus
Timaeus (historian)
Roman Greece

Gaius Acilius
Acesander
Alexander Lychnus
Alexander Polyhistor
Appian
Arrian
Zarmanochegas
Caecilius of Calacte
Callinicus (Sophist)
Castor of Rhodes
Dio Chrysostom
Lucius Cincius Alimentus
Criton of Heraclea
Criton of Pieria
Dexippus
Cassius Dio
Diocles of Peparethus
Diodorus Siculus
Dionysius of Halicarnassus
Ephorus the Younger
Herodian
Hypsicrates (historian)
Josephus
Sextus Julius Africanus
Memnon of Heraclea
Nicias of Nicaea
Nicolaus of Damascus
Pamphile of Epidaurus
Philo of Byblos
Plutarch
Polyaenus
Polybius
Posidonius
Gaius Asinius Quadratus
Strabo
Thallus (historian)
Theophanes of Mytilene
Byzantine Empire

Procopius
Chronicon (Eusebius)
Chronicon (Jerome)
Agathias


THE LIST IS UNDER CONSTRUCTION

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