27.11.16

Το Principal του Εδιμβούργου



Το ιστορικό και καλαίσθητο Principal Edinburgh George Street είναι το πρώην The George Hotel και βρίσκεται σε μια αξιοζήλευτη τοποθεσία στο κέντρο του Εδιμβούργου, κοντά στο Κάστρο του Εδιμβούργου, το πάρκο Princes Street Gardens και το Παλάτι Holyrood. 
Το Principal  αποτελεί εναν φόρο τιμής στην αρχαία ελληνική αρχιτεκτονική. Τόσο εξωτερικά και άλλο τόσο εσωτερικά η αρχιτεκτονική του ειναι βασισμένη σε αυτήν της Αρχαίας Ελλάδας. Προσφέρει κομψά δωμάτια, καθώς και αίθουσες συνεδριάσεων και συσκέψεων.

Αυτό το διατηρητέο κτήριο με τη χαρακτηριστική πρόσοψη σχεδιάστηκε τουλάχιστον 200 χρόνια πριν, ενώ η πλειοψηφία των δωματίων και των κοινόχρηστων χώρων έχουν μεταμορφωθεί στο πλαίσιο ενός εκτενούς προγράμματος ανακαίνισης. 

Η αρχιτεκτονική των εσωτερικών χώρων ανταποκρίνεται στο μεγαλείο του παρελθόντος, χάρη στις απλές λεπτομέρειες και τη χρήση πολυτελών υλικών.

Statement of Special Interest
No 19 was given a tetrastyle portico by Bryce, which was repeated across Nos 17 & 15 (house and tenement stair) by MacGibbon & Ross, who at the same time added the attic storey; Watherston later altered the ground floor, perhaps also altering No 21 to suit. MacGibbon & Ross were working for the Caledonian Insurance Company, while providing hotel accommodation on the upper floors for the adjacent George Hotel. The George took over the whole building in 1950. The W houses contain a significant surviving part of the original fabric of Edinburgh?s New Town, one of the most important and best preserved examples of urban planning in Britain.



Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Source/Photo/Bibliography

THE BUILDER 11 July 1879, 20 March 1880. 
Gifford, McWilliam and Walker EDINBURGH (1988) p299. 
A J Youngson THE MAKING OF CLASSICAL EDINBURGH (1966) pp91-3. 
C McKean EDINBURGH RIAS Guide (1992) p95. Valerie Fiddes and Alistair Rowan 
DAVID BRYCE 1803-1876 (1976) p92. Kirkwood?s Map of 1819. 
HISTORY OF THE 100 YEARS: THE CALEDONIAN 1805-1905. 
Dean of Guild plans 30th July 1840.


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