Traces of Neolithic settlement in Karpathos

New data on the prehistory of the Aegean brings the Neolithic site excavated in Bounos(Mountain) site in southern Karpathos.
Surface finds date the earliest occupation phase to the Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age. A stone statuette of a female deity, now on display in the British Museum, belongs to this period (ca. 3000 BC). 
Neolithic, about 4500-3200 BC From the island of Kárpathos, Aegean Sea

An important settlement developed in the coastal plain southwest of the current Provincial Building in the Minoan and Mycenaean periods. Its earliest phase dates from the Middle Minoan/Late Minoan IA period, and recent excavations revealed building remains and three furnaces of the early Mycenaean phase (Late Helladic IIIA- IIB) for the first time. A Mycenaean acropolis probably occupied the Vounos hill, above the port of Pigadia, where all of the surviving remains, however, belong to the Hellenistic acropolis. The cemetery occupies the sites of Anemomyloi, Skopi, and Makelli to the southwest. Here, a Late Helladic IIIA/IIIB tomb discovered in 1949 yielded a large number of vases. There is also evidence for a second Minoan settlement at Vronti, at the north end of the Pigadia cove.

New architectural remains, stone tools, numerous grindstones and impressive pottery unearthed in excavations of Professor at the Democritus University of Thrace, Manolis Melas, who had partners archaeologist Anna Klis and graduate students from Greece, Mexico, Argentina and France.

The settlement dates back to the Final Neolithic period (4500-3200 BC) and has traces of continuous habitation until the Early Bronze Age (around 1800 BC). 

"The findings so far suggest that there was '' Minoan colonization '', but endogenous processes developed in Karpathos. The settlement was inhabited for thousands of years, just changed the production process for its residents, there was colonization elsewhere, "says the" Nation "Mr. Melas, adding that in the Aegean islands are not easily identified continuous habitation from the Final Neolithic to Early Bronze Age.

"With the introduction of Minoan agricultural technology, such as the plow, the inhabitants of the Neolithic village Mountain abandon their primitive facilities and descend to the valley. Thus, hunters and fishermen, the former gatherers ie, most are farmers and '' high '' theory of Minoan colonization irreparably shaken, "said the head of the excavation.
Small ax made of pebbles from the sea found in the excavation 

The settlement is situated on a rocky promontory and raised on inaccessible. The archaeological site has been known since the 1970s, when it became superficial research.

Last summer, excavated by a large team of archaeologists. The architectural remains are divided into five categories: vertical walls megalithic terraces, stone terraces sloping ekforikis structure, arched or rectangular houses, useful structures and cyclopean wall that supports rocky infrastructure.

The recovery of a sufficient number of grindstones, perhaps suggesting extensive cereal, that due to the lack of the plow, to be made with the technique of "tread". also found goat bones, confirming the existence of small animals, also bones of a dog, given the occurrence of the Sea since the Mesolithic period.

Interesting and typical for the time pottery found. Also found stone tools and everyday objects such as millstones grinding, mortars, pestles, heavy, axes and blades made of obsidian from Melos.

The study of the archaeological material showed that the complete collapse of buildings due to an earthquake, and immediately followed by the re-reconstruction, as revealed by a new building phase.


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